Monday, 23 September 2013

McCann Case Dog Alerts.

Why an alert to Cadaver scent must be corroborated.

The most vital information in the pre archiving of the Missing Madeleine McCann case, was provided  by the use of EVRD (cadaver scent) and CSI (blood) dogs, Eddie and Keela. They were used as an obligation to investigate if there is proof that Madeleine McCann died in the holiday apartment and if the parents might have been involved, to justify exploring that thesis and ruling the parents out. Vital because the statements from their handler and trainer, Martin Grime along with the conclusions from the FSS (Forensic Science Service) provided the interpretation required, to make sense of the dog alerts. These conclusions highlight that the Inspector in charge of the investigation, misunderstood them. The expert conclusions show that the questions asked to expand the thesis, were not answered. Yet, head of investigation, Goncalo Amaral, considered the results and conclusions as proof positive to build a case against the parents for death and concealment. For me it is clear from the files, where he made the mistake in understanding. From a forensic report preceding a final more expanded report. It is difficult to understand why the final report did not highlight the misunderstanding to Goncalo Amaral, so he could review his interpretation. But it did not and in my opinion, the case took a road where law enforcement all but gave up Madeleine for dead and eroded the search for a living child.

Social media sites find many people who go along with Goncalo Amaral's interpretation. Or often state that a cadaver dog alert means it has found the location of where a body has been. That because they only alerted to items associated with the family, it must be Madeleine.

I hope I can show you why this ignorant interpretation of the alerts is a million miles from the truth.

First lets take a look at the dogs. Eddie and Keela.

Eddie alerts to decomposing human remains. Trained on an actual whole cadaver, therefore he will alert to scent from any decomposing component from human remains. Scent being in the form of volatile organic compounds. This means he is the best tool for finding dead bodies where humans have been unable to locate them, buried or hidden for example. For law enforcement this is an invaluable tool to help solve cases. Eddie can also help the police by locating decomposing body parts with the same skill.

However, there is a risk that alerts can cause confusion and be unhelpful. This can occur if no human remains are found at the point of the alert. In this situation forensics must be used to explore further, the source of the alert. Forensics can corroborate the alerts if human remains not visible to the naked eye, are found. Yes even at this level a superb tool to help police. But, if forensics cannot find human remains then the alerts cannot be corroborated. For an alert where there are no human remains, the dog will have only picked up the scent. This is not helpful to police looking for evidence of a body.

The scent will contaminate items by moving around. Either airborne contamination or by touch and transfer. So you can understand why volatile organic compound contamination cannot answer any question except at some point, location and time, they did emmitt from decomposing human material. This highlights another problem preventing using this level of alerts as evidence.

What exactly is decomposing human material?.  As we know Eddie was trained using a complete decomposing human cadaver, we must understand it is not a body that he smells, it is the scent of decomposing material emitting from it. That smell is also emitted for decomposing human remains expelled from a living human. Yes, an alive human being. We can discriminate the source of the scent using a dog trained for finding other human material. Eddie's Partner, Keela, is trained to find blood. Keela finds blood associated material from a live person or decomposing blood as well, from living or dead people. So both dogs are used to confirm if Eddie is alerting to blood or other decomposing material. Confirmation if they both alert to the same location. Blood is not the only decomposing remains that can be emitted from a living person. There are many others. But as far as I know there are no dogs trained to discriminate human material, apart from the blood dog. So, apart from blood, we do not know if Eddie is alerting to material from a living person or dead person. We can conclude that without finding actual human remains, from a forensic level to a visible to the human eye level, the cadaver alerts prove nothing as they cannot be corroborated.

Find out from the experts!!

In the case of Madeleine McCann we have confirmation of my above article. This is where I sourced my information and knowledge.

Martin Grime, dog trainer and handler, invited to bring his dogs, Eddie and Keela, to Portugal and use them to help the investigation.

From the file, his conclusion.


The odour target of cadaver is scientifically explained through 'volatile organic
compounds' that in a certain configuration are received by the dog as a
receptor. Recognition then gives a conditioned response 'ALERT'. Despite
considerable research and analytical investigation the compounds cannot as
yet be replicated in laboratory processes. Therefore the 'alert' by dogs without
a tangible source cannot be forensically proven at this time. Cadaver scent
cannot readily be removed by cleaning as the compounds adhere to surfaces.
The scent can be 'masked' by bleach and other strong smelling odours but
the dog's olfactory system is able to isolate the odours and identify specific
compounds' and mixes. Cadaver scent contamination may be transferred in
numerous scenarios. Any contact with a cadaver which is then passed to any
other material may be recognised by the dog causing a 'trigger' indication.

From Martin Grime summary.

The dogs only alerted to property associated with the McCann family. The dog 
alert indications MUST be corroborated if to establish their findings as 

Therefore in this particular case, as no human remains were located, the only 
alert indications that may become corroborated are those that the CSI dog 
indicated by forensic laboratory analysis. 

My professional opinion as regards to the EVRD's alert indications is that it is 
suggestive that this is 'cadaver scent' contaminant. This does not however 
suggest a motive or suspect as cross contamination could be as a result of a 
number of given scenarios and in any event no evidential or intelligence 
reliability can be made from these alerts unless they can be confirmed with 
corroborating evidence.

Ok, so how did Goncalo Amaral interpret that forensics did corroborate the evidence?

It was a simple misunderstanding. An initial report came through from FSS stating that, in relevant areas, A near perfect DNA match was found, 15 out of 19 markers matched Madeleine.That was that, enough to prosecute. But that wasn't that. The final report from FSS explained that 15 individual markers out of 37 matched 15 in the profile of Madeleine's unique string of 19. With several people contributing to the 37 and some or all sharing those 15 individual markers with Madeleine. This could not corroborate cadaver alerts at all, the DNA was too diluted and contaminated, if you like.

DNA results

A complex LCN DNA result which appeared to have originated from at least three people was obtained from cellular material recovered from the luggage compartment section 286C 2007 CRL10 (2) area 2. Within the DNA profile of Madeline McCann there are 20 DNA components represented by 19 peaks on a chart. At one of the areas of DNA we routinely examine Madeleine has inherited the same DNA component from both parents; this appears therefore as 1 peak rather than 2, hence 19 rather than 20. Of these 19 components 15 are present within the result from this item; there are 37 components in total. There are 37 components because there are at least 3 contributors; but there could be up to five contributors. In my opinion therefore this result is too complex for meaningful interpretation/inclusion.

What questions will we never be able to answer with LCN DNA profiling - 

When was the DNA deposited -  
How was the DNA deposited -  
What body fluid(s) does the DNA originate from -  
Was a crime committed -

Questions that can be answered.

So we can conclude, in the case of missing Madeleine McCann, alerts by EVRD dog could not be corroborated as there were no human remains found. DNA in associated areas could not isolate Madeleine McCann to corroborate even at that level. 

Alerts specific to the hire vehicle, where Goncalo Amaral believes the body had been transported? Both dogs alerted to scent emitting from inside the car. The Cadaver dog alerted from scent coming through the door seal. The blood dog was sent in and alerted, so corroborating bothe alerts were to blood. Further to that, a key fob in the car was alerted too and found to have blood from Gerry McCann on it. Corroborating alert from a living person. The blood dog also alerted to the boot area, but that could not be corroborated. The vehicle was not used to transport a dead body.

Does Alerting only to McCann associated items prove anything? No, and all the above explains categorically why.

The here and now.

At this time, the current investigation following the review of the case by New Scotland Yard and the PJ, have ruled the family and friends completely out of involvement. However, despite the speculation, the parents had been officially removed from suspicion prior to case archiving by the Prosecutor.

a) The archiving of the Process concerning arguido Robert James Queriol Eveleigh Murat, because there are no indications of the practise of any crime under the dispositions of article 277 number 1 of the Penal Process Code;

b) The archiving of the Process concerning Arguidos Gerald Patrick McCann and Kate Marie Healy, because there are no indications of the practise of any crime under the dispositions of article 277 number 1 of the Penal Process Code.

Speculation in the social arena does not substitute facts. Unfortunately, more and more people source information from books, media and social networks. Not from the files. Unfortunate for the hope for Madeleine McCann and the reputation of her family.

Sunday, 27 November 2011


I am the ball that scores political goals

I am the force for bigots and trolls

I am the reason to justify a cause

I am the flag that is taken to wars

I am the paper for writing poison in stacks

I am the bullet that starts the attacks

I am the knife that stabs in the dark

I am the confrontational spark

I am all of these things but not from my choice

I am unable to speak with my stolen voice

I am crying for everyone to know who I AM

The missing child who is Madeleine McCann


Saturday, 25 June 2011

Pat Browns Profile of the Disappearance of Madeleine McCann

So this is a criminal profile? I would expect a criminal profiler with any integrity, to work with law enforcement using information directly from an ongoing investigation. That contribution not made public unless the law enforcement agency demanded it.

Yet here we have a profile constructed from investigative information that has been concluded by the Portuguese prosecutor as having no evidence to determine a crime, let alone suspects for a crime and therefore has no validation to be tested in court.

Since when does a criminal profiler use a case to propagate actions ensuring witnesses are tested in the court of public justice; mob rule?

Pat Brown, how professional must you be to plant yourself on a case you have not been invited to contribute to, by law enforcement. To use information from the files, translated with different meanings depending on which site you found the translations. Mixed with insinuations by those who are prejudiced against the McCann’s on two bigoted websites and the beliefs of the former PJ inspector who lead the investigation, Goncalo Amaral, who is now a convicted criminal?

I believe you are fully aware that your peers and former mentor’s will hang their heads in shame at you. But I don’t believe that matters at all, when your agenda is clearly to seek publicity in the media and on the small screen to further your business of ‘controversial criminal profiler’ to increase TV ratings and ultimately, your income.

Was professional profiling with respect and integrity not lucrative enough for you?

Saturday, 5 February 2011

Country Worse Than Before Revolution. Portugal Survey.

A staggering part of the Portuguese population claims to be suspicious of the country’s present political powers, and consider themselves poorly informed about the country’s development over the past decade.

This has led the majority to conclude the country is worse-off now than what it was prior to the ‘Carnation Revolution’, which took place on 25 April 1974 and freed the country from Salazar’s authoritarian dictatorship regime.

These were the clear results of a survey carried out by the Farol Project, for which 1,002 people were interviewed.

A massive 92 percent of those questioned for the survey said they were suspicious or trusted ‘very little’ the Portuguese political scene; 89 percent said they were wary of the country’s political parties, 84 percent said they distrusted Portugal’s parliament, and 90 percent is mistrusting of the government.

And, when asked for a current diagnosis of the country, 46 percent of interviewees said they thought Portugal’s present economic and social conditions were “worse” or “much worse compared to 40 years ago.”

When compared to the more recent past, 58 percent replied they thought the situation at present is “worse” or “much worse” than before Portugal became part of the EU.

The respondents were also pessimistic about the next decade, with 53 percent believing the economic situation is going to “worsen” or “significantly worsen.”

Upon learning of the survey’s results Belmiro de Azevedo, head of retail group Sonae, who also participated in the study, said “the sample [of interviewees] is made up of people who are scared.”

He criticized the country’s politicians, saying “Lets leave electoral and political folklore alone and lets get down to some serious work.”

 The Portugal News.

Thursday, 4 November 2010

Official Find Madeleine Campaign

It is exactly three and a half years since our daughter Madeleine was so cruelly taken from us. Three and a half years without her seeing her brother, her sister, her Mummy, her Daddy or her best friends. We need your support to continue to lobby the British and Portuguese Governments to undertake a joint or independent review of Madeleine’s case.Independent review of Madeleine McCann's case

Independent review of Madeleine McCann's case

We call on the UK and Portuguese authorities to conduct an independent and transparent review of all information in relation to the disappearance of Madeleine McCann

Tuesday, 19 October 2010

Amaral Still Being Tested in Court!!

The court of appeal in Lisbon today, the 19th day of October, 2010,  revoked the ban imposed by the civil courts placed upon Sr Amaral's book, The Truth of the Lie.

The question being tested is one of free speech. The appeal court has decided that Amaral's book is allowable as a publication under the European understanding of human rights and free speech.

The book was written by the former inspector leading the investigation into the disappearance of Madeleine McCann. The ban was invoked after the parents of Madeleine, Kate and Gerry Mccann, challenged the book which contains the inspectors opinion that the child was killed and the body hidden with the parents involvement. The evidence the inspector presents is flawed. His main 'facts' pointing to a reason leading to proving a death being the use of Calpol to induce the child into a deep sleep, the sniffer dogs indicating the presence of Cadaver and misunderstandings of 15 out of 19 markers in Madeleine's profile being a percentage indication of a dead Madeleine.

Only 'Calpol Night' can induce sleep and that had not come into production at the time Madeleine vanished. Basic Calpol is not a sleep inducer. The internationally renowned forensic organisation, FSS, concluded that the dogs findings indicate no conclusive evidence of death or presence of Madeleine. Possibly dried body fluids which can indicate the same as cadaver scent being equally as possible of actual cadaver scent. Not withstanding that Madeleine's DNA was not conclusive in the results either. 15 out of the 19 markers in Madeleine's profile were found within 37 markers. That is 37 markers contaminated by several known alive people and no conclusive indication of Madeleine's identity in the results as contamination included the family who share her markers. That puts a different picture on evidence showing 15 out of 19.  Therefore the forensics proved a false positive and in layman's terms the Dogs evidence canceled itself out.

Commonly the argument is being used that presenting evidence of 15 out of 19 markers indicating Madeleine's cadaver is enough to convict the parents by circumstantial evidence and probability. Enough evidence to test Amaral's theory in court. Yet after the explanation by experts that the math is actually 15 out of 37 markers also contaminated by people who would share those 15 markers, the thesis has not been revised and the argument, totally flawed, is still being promoted.

All the former inspector Amaral could gain from the book is money. Not the truth, not the sharing of evidence, just monetary gain. That to any fair minded person is offensive, but free speech does not define offense. That definition is tested by the law if the offended take it to court. Currently Sr Amaral is being tested in court for libel and damaging the search for Madeleine. Personally I view his book as an exploitation of a child......abuse. To make money from a tragedy yet to be solved using the name of a child and misinformation for monetary gain.

In short. The appeal court has decided the publication is acceptable within the boundary of free speech. That is,  one can say whatever they want in the Portuguese constitution. But the human right to test such a publication's value of defamation, libel and damage to the search for a child who may well be alive is still in the hands of the Portuguese judiciary. The result of that case will be more telling of the complete speech with responsibility.

If we are to gain any positives from this. I would like to think that a book being sold internationally, trying to convince people a missing child is dead and therefore there should be closure on searching for an alive child, will have more weight for it's author being successfully sued than a book not being sold to the public. The biggest positive being the funds raised from the book will help find Madeleine!!

It is important to remember that despite opinions about what happened to Madeleine The Portuguese prosecutor studied the case files, including Amarals conclusion and gave us the legal conclusion to the unsolved mystery.

Quote from:

Therefore, after all seen, analysed and duly pondered, with all that is left exposed, it is determined:

a) The archiving of the Process concerning arguido Robert James Queriol Eveleigh Murat, because there are no indications of the practise of any crime under the dispositions of article 277 number 1 of the Penal Process Code;

b) The archiving of the Process concerning Arguidos Gerald Patrick McCann and Kate Marie Healy, because there are no indications of the practise of any crime under the dispositions of article 277 number 1 of the Penal Process Code.

Mr Amaral, freedom of speech is no defense against exploiting Madeleine McCann.


Thursday, 7 October 2010

This is England

Shane Meadows, This is England. This is a briliiant film covering England in Thatchers early 80's through the eyes of a group of Skinhead friends. The skins were second wave, relating the history of their roots from the original, spirit of 69' Trojan Skins era, to the next generation. Back in 1969 the original Skins grew out of working class culture fashion with a mix of the Jamaican rude boys and Mods having Ska and Reggae as the sub culture's music. The music reflecting the mixed races dealing with their shared working class oppression in the UK. The second wave found the sub culture infiltrated by the National Front, who hijacked the skinhead and the national flag to turn the working class sub culture into a white supremacy fascist public profile. The film, however, did not dwell on just the politics of that era, touching on Thatcher and the Falklands war while staying firmly following the lives of the group of friends and how life in that era treated them and how they treated life, consequently.

Then this year Shane Meadows presented us with a mini series of This is England. Set with the friends a few years on, into 1986. Still showing their Skinhead culture roots with Reggae music and including the mod links with songs from the Jam. The mini series dived deeper into the individual characters and we had an explosive, moving, sad and funny view of life, almost in their skins (excuse the pun). The series reminded me very much of another mini series, the Boys from the Blackstuff.

Boys from the Blackstuff received many accolades which have never been repeated for a British produced series. A strong, moving and funny account of having to deal with unemployment in Thatcher Britain, the Blackstuff is part of the 80's. Now we have another mini series with the same power and soul. Will we be treated to more?

Yes please Shane. Bring back the Skins!!

Tuesday, 5 October 2010

Jim Gamble Resigns From CEOP

Child abduction, exploitation and abuse has historically been low down in the list of government priorities in this country. Having spoken to parents of missing children and charity workers, the hunger for support is huge. The very few charities that offer support are all that has been available.

The CEOP and Gamble offered a professional and well organised standard of support and prevention to the general public. It was an extremely positive application to protect exploited and abused children, not stopping there; going on to offer support for those who, before CEOP, it was too late.

At the end of the day, it should come as no surprise that money talks with government policies and sadly the latest changes being made as to who runs CEOP is a step nearer to it being at risk of being cut back or chopped altogether if cut backs are required.

So it could be back to charities and volunteers to plead for help and provide support. Saddest of all, left to the parents and families of the missing themselves to only have those few charities and volunteer support groups for help. That doesn't devalue those charities at all. It actually compounds how important they are. It compounds how important they need government backing.

This is why it was such a positive battle won for the parents of missing children. The battle to get Amber recognised Europe wide with awareness and ground level support from parents of a missing child, Kate and Gerry McCann. Kate and Gerry have not only had to deal with their loss but have used their tragedy to help massively all other missing children and those groups who support and really, really, need that help.